A CFD-Based Throughflow Method With An Adaptive Formulation For The S2 Streamsurface

TitleA CFD-Based Throughflow Method With An Adaptive Formulation For The S2 Streamsurface
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsPacciani R, Rubechini F, Marconcini M, Arnone A, Cecchi S, DaccĂ  F
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy
Date Published09/2015
ISSN Number0957-6509
Accession NumberWOS:000368805500002
Other NumbersScopus 2-s2.0-84955494242
Keywordsaxisymmetric Euler equations, blade body force models, S2 stream surface, throughflow
The paper describes the development and validation of a novel CFD-based throughflow model. It is based on the axisymmetric Euler equations with tangential blockage and body forces and inherits its numerical scheme from state-of-the-art CFD solver (TRAF code), including real-gas capabilities. A crucial aspect of the numerical procedure is represented by an adaptive approach for the meridional flow surface, which employs a new time-dependent equation to accommodate incidence and deviation effects, and which allows the explicit calculation of the blade body force. A realistic distribution of entropy along the streamlines is proposed in order to compute dissipative forces on the base of a distributed loss model. The throughflow code is applied to the investigation of a four stage low-pressure steam turbine at design conditions. The performance of the method are evaluated by comparing predicted operating characteristics and spanwise distributions of flow quantities with the results of CFD, steady, viscous calculations and experimental data.
Refereed DesignationRefereed